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    I'm trying to locate drivers for an advansys scsi card. It has ABP-930/40UA and ABP-960/70UA on the board. Usually its as easy as finding the manufacturer, and selecting from a drop down list, but this has got me stumped. What I am seeking is XP drivers. Do they exist? Thanks if u can help...
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    How to Find the Version of a Windows Printer Driver

    Article by souseran

    1. Start | Settings | Printers and Faxes. 2. Go to the File Menu. 3. Select Server Properties. 4. Select the Drivers tab. 5. Select the printer you need information about. 6. Once again select Properties. You should get a list of the files required by this printer. For each item with a description of Driver File, select Properties. Select the Version tab to get information on the Version.

    How to determine the type of file from its contents

    Article by Joe Winograd

    I. Introduction There's an interesting discussion going on now in an Experts Exchange Group — Attachments with no extension ( This reminded me of questions that come up here at EE along the lines of, "How can I tell the type of file from its contents?", as well as, "What kind of file has the XXX extension?" Writing an article to address this has been on my to-do list for a long time — the group discussion has inspired me to do it. II. Determine the type of file from its XXX extension Here are four links that can help in determining what an XXX file is: Simply replace XXX with the file extension of interest. For example, III. Determine the type of file from its contents Now to the trickier question! An excellent file identifier application called TrID analyzes the contents of a file in an attempt to figure out what type of file it is. It comes in both a command line interface (CLI) version ( (for Windows and Linux) and a Graphical User Interface (GUI) version ( (Windows only) called TrIDNet. The downloads are at the links in the preceding sentence. Both the CLI and GUI versions require a database/library of file definitions. This is a key feature of TrID and TrIDNet — the always increasing list of files that it recognizes. As of this article's submission date, the database contains 6,019 definitions ( (dated 13-August-2015). Note that there are separate downloads for the CLI definitions ( and the GUI definitions ( IV. More about TrID — the CLI version After downloading the CLI version and its definitions, simply unpack the ZIP file with the program (trid.exe) and copy the definitions file (triddefs.trd) into the same folder as the program file. As mentioned above, using a database of definitions for file types is a really nice feature of TrID. Since file types are frequently added, the program author makes the definitions database available as a separate download, so you may go back to the website occasionally to get the latest definitions file. Here's the syntax of the CLI version (v2.20):   (CODE) The program is free for personal use. Here's exactly what the license says (I took the liberty of correcting typos in it): The program can be freely distributed and is freeware for non-commercial, personal, research and educational use. Contact the author for commercial use or commercialization of TrID or TrID's definitions and contained information.I don't want to put the author's email address in this article, but you may find it in the Readme file that is part of the download. V. More about TrIDNet — the GUI version As stated earlier, the definitions for the GUI version are in a different format from the definitions for the command line version. The GUI definitions are in a large number of XML files, one for each file type — currently, 6,019 of them! As with the CLI version, there's no installation needed — just unpack the ZIP file with the program (TrIDNet.exe) and copy the definitions (all of the XML files) into the same folder as the program file. When running TrIDNet, here's the opening screen: V. Conclusion To come full circle to the group discussion that prompted this article, I fed to both TrID and TrIDNet a file that has 40 characters in the file name but no file extension. Here's the TrID command line with its result (via copy/paste from the command prompt window): trid "d:\0tempd\40 character file name without extension" TrID/32 - File Identifier v2.20 - (C) 2003-15 By M.Pontello Definitions found:  6019 Analyzing... Collecting data from file: d:\0tempd\40 character file name without extension 100.0% (.PDF) Adobe Portable Document Format (5000/1) Here's the TrID GUI result: Both TrID and TrIDNet easily determined that it is a PDF file — and with 100% certainty. Of course, 100% certainty is not always the case, as shown in this real-life example of a file uploaded in a recent EE question. The file bumped into the 40-character file name limit and wound up with a .x file extension. Here are the TrID results on it: TrID/32 - File Identifier v2.20 - (C) 2003-15 By M.Pontello Definitions found:  6019 Analyzing... Collecting data from file: d:\0tempD\Time-Interval-Frequency-calculationv51.x  51.3% (.XLSM) Excel Microsoft Office Open XML Format document (with Macro) (57500/1/12)  45.0% (.XLSX) Excel Microsoft Office Open XML Format document (50500/1/11)   3.5% (.ZIP) ZIP compressed archive (4000/1) It is, in fact, a .XLSM file, as predicted by TrID, although with only 51.3% certainty. After changing the file type from .x to .xlsm, it loaded perfectly into Excel. If you find this article to be helpful, please click the blue&white Good Article? button below. This lets me know what is valuable for EE members and provides direction for future articles. Thanks very much! Regards, Joe  

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    Windows 7 System restorepoint file extensions

    Answer by ☠ MASQ ☠

    Question: Have a end user who decided to download a tool that renamed most of her file extensions. I'm also unable to do a restore point, my guess is because the tool renamed the extension Windows uses to restore it back with. Does anyone know the name of the extension used for saving restore points? Example .exe for executable and restore point is? I know the command to use is rstrui.exe Thanks!

    Answer: The file extension for restore points is also .exe Do you know the software that caused the problem? Has the damage actually renamed the file extensions or are the file extensions unchanged but they get a message saying there is no program associated with them? This ( will help fixing basic associations in Windows 7. If you can't run .exe files you can create a temporary fix by running ftype exefile="%1" %* at a command prompt ( Which will give you back .exe files until your next restart.

    Blue Screen of death on a Citrix Server, how can I read the .dmp file?

    Answer by NinjaStyle82

    Question: Hello: We have migrated to a new Citrix Farm about 1 month ago. The Servers and applications are working just fine. We have 3 Citrix Servers running Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise edition. We have these servers as virtual Servers running VMware 5.5 Update 2. I just applied 2 windows updates on 2 of the 3 Citrix XenApp servers. One of the Citrix servers (Ctrix1) that I installed 2 Windows updates on got a Blue Screen of death about 10 minutes after I re-logged on to the server as administrator. The other Server (Citrix3) did not BSOD at all. Citrix1 has not had any problems since the BSOD; but, I would like to know why it triggered a BSOD. I have the dump file c:\Windows\Minidump\080215-12620-01.dmp ; but, how can I open it to view the information inside? I certainly hope no more Problems comes up; but, I still want to analyze the .dump file. I intentionally have not instlled any updates on the Citrix2 yet.

    Answer: Sometimes a BSOD is flukey, and is not always a symtom of a bigger or more widespread ongoing issue. Keep an eye on the event logs on all 3 servers and see if this seems to be a fluke or something more serious. Because it is a citrix server there are a lot more variables that can cause these strange one off issues, especially when running updates.


    Answer by nobus

    Question: Hi experts. Running Win 7 54-bit. Cannot install severall apps, drivers... I am getting a system 5 error. I had no problem for 2 weeks until yeserday. This is a 2 week old fresh install that was running sweetly. i understand some older items will not install but I am talking about othe.r things like a HP 4500 printer (4YO) that was running fine It suddenly stopped working, so I tried to update the drivers. No dice. 7-Zip is another one because it is required by certain items to install things (winRar wont do the trick. I do have win rar 64 bit installed and working, but I need 7zip for all things HP? Research has shown that it might have something to do with administrator logins and I have tried all that to no avail. Thanks in advance

    Answer: here they say you have to boot to safe mode to have the security tab :


    Answer by Joe Winograd

    Question: What is the difference between paragon free and paid addition?

    Answer: Hi Abraham, Paragon has many different products. Here's a link to a comparison matrix that allows you to select up to three different Paragon products and compare them: For example, here's a comparison of Backup&Recovery 14 Free, Backup&Recovery 14 Home, and Backup&Recovery 15 Home (there are more entries in the table — I cut it off to take the screenshot): Regards, Joe


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